THE OLD TOWN OF LIJIANG

The Old Town of Lijiang, which is perfectly adapted to the uneven topography of this key commercial and strategic site, has retained a historic townscape of high quality and authenticity. Its architecture is noteworthy for the blending of elements from several cultures that have come together over many centuries. Lijiang also possesses an ancient water-supply system of great complexity and ingenuity that still functions effectively today.

Back to the early ancient time, Lijiang was the transfer station of the Silk Road which was the Main artery to the transportation of southwest China, and was also the Tea and horse caravan trail which leaded to LijiangĄ¯s border from Tibet. These two trails are as well as the trade roads and the channels that communicate with the exotic cultures and indigenous cultures.

The main attributes of Lijiang culture are open, compatible and generous. The Dongba culture, which was created and handed down by Naxi minority people is the quintessential part of the ethnic cultures. It is the legacy for the whole human being. In the Naxi Dongba pictographs, there are about 1400 characters which had been honored Living fossil, and it is well preserved now. The Dongba Scriptures are a voluminous and substantial Naxi encyclopedia, the content consists scriptures, painting, dance, sings, rituals etc..

Not only have the beautiful landscapes in Lijiang old town, but also have the multi-cultural factors. The culture of different minorities who are Naxi, Yishu, Bai etc., have coexisted for centuries.

All above these factors have won Lijiang a high reputation, Lijiang will always be the heaven for everyone.

 

The Ancient Town of Lijiang, also called Dayan Town, was first set up in the Song Dynasty, and has a history of almost a thousand years. The town is famous in China for its old and simple architectural style and the elegant art for the layout of the town. The roads here are parallel to the streams, and the door of each house is facing a stream. Sifang Street is the center of the ancient town. Since ancient times, Sifang Street has been a collecting and distributing center of all kinds of products with travelers and traders going and coming everywhere.

Lijiang County locates at the foot of Yulong Mountains, by the billowing Jinsha River. It got its name Lijing (Li river) because of water, as Jinsha River was called Lishui (Li water) in ancient time. Lijing Ancient City came into existence during Song, Yuan dynasties, and developed to a large scale in Ming dynasty, and has since remained so till today, with a history of more than 800 years. The creeks that run through streets and alleys look very much like a huge green inkstone, so it was called Dayan (big inkstone) in the ancient time. Here the altitude is 2410 meters, and the yearly average temperature is 12.6 degree Celsius. The northwest mountains stopping cold air streams from the north, the southeast level fields letting in warm air streams from the south, and the shining sun in the morning, all make here warm in the winter and cool in the summer. It is a really comforting resort.